Bucharest Geography and Climate

Location : Southern Romania
Size : City of Bucharest – 88 sq.miles (228 sq.km); Bucharest Metropolitan area – 587 sq.m(1,521 sq.km)
Elevation : 190-295 ft (55-90 m)
Population : 2.6 milion (2007)
Inhabited since : 500 BC
First documented : 1459 AD

geo1bucharest geography
Bucharest is situated in the south eastern corner of the Romanian Plain , in an area once covered by the Vlăsiei forest, which, after it was cleared, gave way to a fertile flatland. As with many cities , Bucharest is traditionally considered to have seven hills, similar to the seven hills of Rome . Bucharest’s seven hills are: Mihai Vodă , Dealul Mitropoliei , Radu Vodă , Cotroceni , Spirei , Văcărești and Sf. Gheorghe Nou.

The city has a total area of 226 square kilometres (87 sq mi). The altitude varies from 55.8 metres (183.1 ft) at the Dâmbovița bridge in Cățelu , south-eastern Bucharest and 91.5 m (300.2 ft) at the Militari church.

The city has a relatively round shape, with the centre situated approximately in the cross-way of the main north-south/east-west axes at the University Square . The milestone for Romanian’s Kilometre Zero is placed just south of University Square in front of the New St. George Church (Sfântul Gheorghe Nou) at St. George Square (Piaţa Sfântul Gheorghe). Bucharest’s radius, from University Square to the city limits in all directions, varies from about 10 to 12 km (6.25–7.5 mi).

Until recently, the regions surrounding Bucharest were largely rural, but after 1989 new suburbs started to be built around Bucharest, in the surrounding Ilfov county.

Climate in Romania

bucharest climateBucharest has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa). Due to its position on the Romanian Plain, the city’s winters can get windy, even though some of the winds are mitigated due to urbanization. Winter temperatures often dip below 0 °C (32 °F), sometimes even dropping below −15 °C (5 °F)or also -20 C. In summer, the average temperature is approximately 23 °C (73 °F) (the average for July and August), despite the fact that temperatures many times reach 35 °C (95 °F) to 40 °C (104 °F) in mid-summer in the city centre. Although average precipitation and humidity during summer is low, there are infrequent yet heavy and often violent storms. During spring and autumn, average daytime temperatures vary between 17 °C (63 °F) to 22 °C (72 °F), and precipitation during this time tends to be higher than in summer, with more frequent yet milder periods of rain.

Bucharest is in the Eastern European time zone (UTC+2, with a DST of UTC+3 from April to October).


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